# abacus

英 ['æbəkəs]
美['æbəkəs]

- n. 算盘

### 词态变化

复数:

**abacuses**;### 助记提示

谐音“爱拨可算”→ 爱拨弄算盘就可以算数。

### 中文词源

来自拉丁语 abacus，而拉丁语又来自于希腊语 abax, 表示 counting board（计算板）之意，后用于表示“算盘”，而算盘一般认为是中国人发明的。

### 英文词源

- abacus
**abacus:**[17]*Abacus*comes originally from a Hebrew word for ‘dust’, ’*ābāq*. This was borrowed into Greek with the sense of ‘drawing board covered with dust or sand’, on which one could draw for, among other purposes, making mathematical calculations. The Greek word,*ábax*, subsequently developed various other meanings, including ‘table’, both in the literal sense and as a mathematical table.

But it was as a ‘dust-covered board’ that its Latin descendant,*abacus*, was first used in English, in the 14th century. It was not until the 17th century that the more general sense of a counting board or frame came into use, and the more specific ‘counting frame with movable balls’ is later still.- abacus (n.)
- late 14c., "sand table for drawing, calculating, etc.," from Latin abacus, from Greek abax (genitive abakos) "counting table," from Hebrew abaq "dust," from root a-b-q "to fly off." Originally a drawing board covered with dust or sand that could be written on to do mathematical equations. Specific reference to a counting frame is 17c. or later.

### 双语例句

- 1. They also learned to use the
**abacus**. - 他们还学习珠算.

来自《简明英汉词典》

- 2. Except for the sharp clicking of Chueh - hsin's
**abacus**counters, all was still. - 房里只有算盘珠子的接连的 、 清脆的响声.

来自汉英文学 - 家（1-26） - 家（1-26）

- 3. The
**abacus**is the ancestor of the modern computer. - 算盘是现代电脑的原型.

来自辞典例句

- 4. She can reckon rapidly on the
**abacus**. - 她用算盘算得很快.

来自辞典例句

- 5. Do you know how to work an
**abacus**? - 你会打算盘 吗 ?

来自辞典例句